All About Terpenes- Complete Guide to Terpenes

Terpenes are one of the most popular yet underrated compounds found in cannabis plants. Terpenes are abundantly found in cannabis plants among other plants. In recent years, terpenes found in cannabis plants have taken the spotlight and have led to several research and studies conducted on the compound to explore its properties and benefits.

Jürg Gertsch first noticed that beta-caryophyllene, a type of terpene, was able to bind to CB2 receptors and began to call it “dietary cannabinoid”. Later, in 2011, The British Journal of Pharmacology published an article by Dr Ethan Russo that emphasized the therapeutic properties of terpenes and Vijaya or CBD together. He indicated that the two compounds, terpenes and Vijaya, can be effective for pain management, work against inflammation, depression, anxiety, epilepsy, cancer, and even fungal or bacterial infections.

If you are keen to know more, here is your complete guide to Terpenes and how they can combine with CBD or Vijaya for more beneficial effects on the mind and body.

What are Terpenes?

Like cannabinoids, terpenes are naturally occurring molecular compounds in plants. Terpenes are volatile aromatic compounds that are responsible for the distinct smell that plants give out. In plants, they play two important roles: terpenes produce resin and protect the plant from predators.

Terpenes can be found abundantly in cannabis plants. They are also found in plants like lavender, bergamot, coriander, black pepper, and eucalyptus. They can be found in trace amounts in foods like mangoes, broccoli, apples, and hops.  

Terpenes are widely used as an aromatic instrument for various products in the cosmetics and beauty industry and also are used for health and medical purposes.

Terpenes are used in essential oils which is a major element in aromatherapy. They are also used as an additive in food for flavors and aroma.

Terpenes are used along with cannabinoids to enhance their effect and amplify their benefits.  There are almost 400 known terpenes compounds found in hemp plants. Each of them has distinct properties and is effective when combined with cannabinoids

What do Terpenes do?-The Entourage Effect

Terpenes interact with the endocannabinoid system similar to how cannabinoids do and produce beneficial effects. Terpenes affect the peripheral and central nervous system which can help regulate sleep, digestion, immune function, mood and more.

The reason why terpenes are special is that they can penetrate the blood-brain barriers that are responsible for preventing bacteria and viruses from entering the bloodstream. Terpenes can easily reach the bloodstream and deliver beneficial effects while keeping the blood-brain barrier intact, to maximize its benefits.

Terpenes, when combined with Vijaya Oil, can produce a synergy effect that increases the assimilation of CBD and amplifies its effect on the body. This combination of terpenes and Vijaya is known to induce a popularly known concept called the “Entourage Effect”.the term was first coined by  S. Ben-Shabat and Raphael Mechoulam in 1988. The entourage effect increases and enhances the effects of CBD maintains and increases antibacterial properties.

Common Terpenes found with CBD

The cannabis plant has numerous terpenes that have a distinct taste and smell and all are beneficial in their own way. Terpenes can be extracted from either the flower or leaves of the cannabis plant. Here are some of the common terpene compounds that are commonly used with Vijaya OIl or CBD.

Myrcene

The most abundant terpene found naturally in cannabis is the myrcene compound. Myrcene has a very distinct smell and can be recognised with its earthy, musky notes, resembling cloves. It can also be recognised for its red, fruity-like aroma.

This strain has a sedative effect and is usually used for pain relief and to reduce inflammation. Myrcene is also used as a supplement by people undergoing cancer treatments. 

Limonene

Limonene is also one of the most abundantly available terpene compounds found in the cannabis plant. It has a distinct citrus smell and is popularly used in cosmetics and cleaning products.

Limonene is therapeutically used to enhance mood, reduce stress, etc. there is some research that indicates that limonene can reduce tumor size, provide anti-fungal and anti-bacterial protection to the body.  

Linalool

Apart from being abundantly available in cannabis plants, linalool is also present in lavender, mint, coriander and cinnamon. Linalool has sedative properties and can be used to relax and calm the mood. This form of terpene has greatly benefited patients suffering from depression, anxiety, arthritis, seizures, insomnia and also to handle cancer symptoms.

Pinene

Pinene is usually in two forms: Alpha-pinene and Beta-pinene. Both forms smell like pine trees. Apart from being present in the cannabis plant, pinenes are found in rosemary, orange peels, basil and parsley plants. Pinene terpenes have an anti-inflammatory effect on the body and help to fight infections.   

Pinene can also help asthma conditions and have shown positive results in patients with arthritis, Crohn's disease and even cancer.

Caryophyllene

Caryophyllene is primarily found in cannabis. It can also be spotted in in black pepper, cinnamon, cloves, and spices like oregano, basil, and rosemary plants. This terpene compound binds to CB2 receptors and brings about an anti-inflammatory effect in the body.

This terpene can directly bind to an endocannabinoid receptor to induce an anti-inflammatory reaction in the body. It is also used as an analgesic, to reduce anxiety, and also can help cure alcohol addiction.

Summing Up

When it comes to buying or starting CBD or Vijaya products, it is better to have an overview of what we are consuming and how it can affect our bodies. This complete guide to terpenes can help you understand what they are, how they work alone and with Vijaya and its benefits.

Before starting your journey with terpenes and Vijaya, consult a certified physician skilled in the field to understand your needs, mode of consumption, amount, etc. to experience the maximum benefits of the two powerful compounds.

References:

https://www.greencultured.co/15-cannabis-terpenes-explained-complete-visual-guide/

https://cbdfx.com/all-about-terpenes-complete-guide/

Back to blog